Inherited and Other Diseases in the Samoyed
The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals keeps databases for a number of diseases that might occur in the Samoyed. These databases can be accessed at https://www.ofa.org/diseases/breed-statistics#detail. More information is also available at the Samoyed Club of America Education and Research Foundation web site, and the American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation site.
Some areas of health concern are:
Among diseases that MAY be inherited (there are other causes), hip dysplasia is of concern, since a malformed hip socket does not properly support the upper bone of the leg. If you are thinking of purchasing a Samoyed puppy, you should be sure both its parents and preferably grandparents too have been certified clear of dysplasia after the age of two. Below are some X-rays SAC members have provided to give you an idea of what Samoyeds of some hip conditions look like. There are other pictures and descriptions of the degrees of dysplasia on the page linked above.
|Female- 4 years – OFA Excellent||
Female – 2 years – OFA Good
|Female – 2 years – OFA Fair||Female – 2 years – OFA Fair||Female – 2 years – OFA Excellent|
|Female – 2 years – OFA Excellent||Female – 2 years – OFA Excellent||Male – 2 years – OFA Good||Male – 2 years – OFA Good||Male – 2 years – OFA Excellent|
|Male – 2 years – OFA Excellent|
As with hip dysplasia, this malformation of the elbow joint is diagnosed by x-ray. Although relatively rare in Samoyeds, this condition can be a cause of lameness and pain and symptoms should be investigated by a veterinarian.